Cancer is usually caused when uncontrolled and abnormal cell growth happens in the body. It harms when these damaged cells start spreading uncontrollably, and they start forming lumps of tissues also known as tumors. Liver cancer starts developing in the liver. It can also occur from its which happens to be formed in other body organs. Liver cancer is usually metastatic, which means it was formed in other body organs. The liver is a very important body part of a human being as it performs mainly all the vital functions. Some of the causes of liver cancer are a viral infection, either hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C, smoking and various other means like cirrhosis.
Liver cancer treatment is a staged process after it is diagnosed by various imaging procedures like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound or tomography through the computer. Once it’s in the liver is identified it can be treated by surgery, tumor ablation, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or sometimes even combined treatment is given to the patient like chemo radiation. Liver cancer treatment is also done by identifying the type of liver cancer. If it is diagnosed that the patient has Hepatoblastoma then the tumor developed is removed either by resection, by surgery or the liver is transplanted, and if the patient has Hepatocellular carcinoma, it is provided the best cure with Percutaneous ablation. It is a non-surgical process of treatment of Hepatoblastoma. Incase of cholangiocarcinoma, either systematic chemotherapies like gemcitabine and cisplatin can be used for treatment or transarterial chemoembolization.
While the best way to treat liver cancer is by means of surgery but in many cases surgery does not yield good results, and there is some risk factor involved in it like liver plays an important role in blood clotting and frequently bleeding after the surgery becomes an important side effect and due to this it can occur again. Other methods by which liver cancer can be treated are microwave ablation, proton therapy, chemotherapy.
Microwave ablation also is known as radiofrequency ablation, and it is recommended as an alternative to surgery often to treat liver cancer at early stage. This treatment involves heating its cells with radio waves produced by small electrodes and this heating of cancer cells causes them to die. Freezing can also achieve the same result. It can be carried under general anesthetics or local anesthetics. The period of treatment may vary depending on the size and number of cancer cells being treated. The risk of any complication or side effects occurring with this method of treating live cancer is low, but common problems like flu, infection, small burns or bleeding can occur.
Chemotherapy uses powerful cancer-killing medications which prevent the harmful liver cancer cells from growing. There are various types of chemotherapy processes, one being trans catheter arterial chemoembolization and it is usually recommended to treat cases of stage B and C liver cancer. This also prevents the spreading of liver cancer treatment in the people waiting for the transplantation of their liver. This procedure has fewer side effects than any other method of treating liver cancer.